NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson. Peggy Annette Whitson (lahir 9 Februari 1960; umur 60 tahun) adalah seorang peneliti biokimia Amerika Serikat yang mendapat gelar sarjana biologi dan kimia dari Iowa Wesleyan College pada 1981 dan gelar doktor bidang biokimia dari Rice University pada1985. Peggy Whitson Biography. First Name Peggy #10. Peggy Whitson, in full Peggy Annette Whitson, (born February 9, 1960, Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S.), American biochemist and astronaut, who was the first female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) and who holds the record among American astronauts and among women for spending the most time in space, nearly 666 days. Peggy Whitson was born in February 1960 in Iowa, USA. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. She is also a biochemistry researcher. From 1991 through 1992, she was the payload element developer for Bone Cell Research Experiment (E10) aboard SL-J (STS-47), and was a member of the US-USSR Joint Working Group in Space Medicine and Biology. [32] Her sixth spacewalk, also during Expedition 16, brought her cumulative EVA time to 39 hours, 46 minutes, which ranked her 23rd for total EVA time as of November 2009. Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. She was born on February 9, 1960 in Mount Ayre, IA. She made four space walks on which station components were maintained or replaced. Whitson has also served twice as the Commander of the International Space Station.[24]. Whitson on ensimmäinen Kansainvälisen avaruusaseman komentajana toiminut nainen ja hän on pisimpään avaruudessa ollut yhdysvaltalainen. (2/9/1960) [16] She is ranked eighth on the list of total time spent in space. She became a qualified flight specialist in 1998. On Expedition 16, she became the first female commander of the International Space Station. The duration was 2 hours and 46 minutes, making Whitson's cumulative EVA time more than 60 hours, placing her third on the list for most EVA time. Whitson served as the commander of the NEEMO 5 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for fourteen days. In 1997, Whitson began a position as adjunct assistant professor at Rice University in the Maybee Laboratory for Biochemical and Genetic Engineering. The re-entry was remarkable for the failure of the Soyuz propulsion module to separate properly, and the subsequent "ballistic reentry" which subjected the crew to forces about eight times that of Earth surface gravity. Sams. From 1995 to 1996, she served as co-chair of the U.S.-Russian Mission Science Working Group. [10] Whitson's cumulative EVA time is 60 hours, 21 minutes, which places her in 4th place for total EVA time. Whitson suffered no permanent injuries. [16][17], On June 15, 2018, Whitson announced her retirement from the agency, effective on the same day. Peggy Whitson Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. In 2017, she broke the record for the longest single space flight by a woman. Ambitious from a young age, she realized her life’s calling quite early on. Peggy Whitson was chosen as an astronaut candidate in 1996, and her training commenced the same year. From November 2003 to March 2005, she served as deputy chief of the Astronaut in June 2003. First Name Peggy. The 289 days she spent in space was the longest single spaceflight by any woman. Peggy Whitson Biography Peggy Whitson is a retired NASA astronaut and a former NASA Chief Astronaut. This total was more time in space than any other American and any other woman worldwide. Whitson was appointed NASA Chief of the Astronaut Office in October 2009, replacing Steven W. Lindsey. [12], In June 2017, Whitson broke the record for the longest single space flight by a woman which had previously been held by Samantha Cristoforetti at 199 days, 16 hours. Whitson’s third flight to the ISS was aboard Soyuz MS-03, which launched on November 17, 2016, with Russian cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky and French astronaut Thomas Pesquet. Completing her first flight, Whitson logged 184 days, 22 hours and 14 minutes in space. New Arrivals Make Six Expedition 50 Crew Members | Space Station", "NASA, Space Station Partners Announce Crew Members for Missions in 2017", "NASA's Peggy Whitson Becomes Oldest Woman in Space - ABC News", "Nasa veteran Peggy Whitson becomes the oldest woman in space as she blasts off for ISS", "Peggy Whitson: Oldest woman in space blasts off to ISS", "NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson Adds Time to Record-Breaking Mission", "US astronaut Peggy Whitson breaks American spaceflight record", "Trump to astronaut: 'Better you than me' to drink urine", "Peggy Whitson Breaks Another Record in Space", "ISS astronauts complete 200th station EVA for maintenance tasks", "Tearful Whitson transfers ISS command in 'bittersweet' handover", "Station Changes Command Before Friday Crew Return", "Astronauts and Cosmonauts (sorted by "Time in Space")", "Better Makers: Adler Planetarium Honors NASA Trailblazer Peggy Whitson", "World's Most Prestigious Air & Space Hall of Fame to Enshrine Distinguished Class of 2018", NASA Astronaut Group 16, "The Sardines", 1996, Cleaning and disinfection of personal diving equipment, Swimming at the 1900 Summer Olympics – Men's underwater swimming, Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques, Fédération Française d'Études et de Sports Sous-Marins, Federación Española de Actividades Subacuáticas, International Association for Handicapped Divers, Environmental impact of recreational diving, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Finger Lakes Underwater Preserve Association, Maritime Heritage Trail – Battle of Saipan, Use of breathing equipment in an underwater environment, Failure of diving equipment other than breathing apparatus, Testing and inspection of diving cylinders, Association of Diving Contractors International, Hazardous Materials Identification System, International Marine Contractors Association, List of signs and symptoms of diving disorders, European Underwater and Baromedical Society, National Board of Diving and Hyperbaric Medical Technology, Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory, Royal Australian Navy School of Underwater Medicine, South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society, Southern African Underwater and Hyperbaric Medical Association, United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit, List of legislation regulating underwater diving, UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, History of decompression research and development, Basic Cave Diving: A Blueprint for Survival, Bennett and Elliott's physiology and medicine of diving, Code of Practice for Scientific Diving (UNESCO), IMCA Code of Practice for Offshore Diving, ISO 24801 Recreational diving services — Requirements for the training of recreational scuba divers, The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure, List of Divers Alert Network publications, International Diving Regulators and Certifiers Forum, List of diver certification organizations, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, World Recreational Scuba Training Council, Commercial diver registration in South Africa, American Canadian Underwater Certifications, Association nationale des moniteurs de plongée, International Association of Nitrox and Technical Divers, International Diving Educators Association, National Association of Underwater Instructors, Professional Association of Diving Instructors, Professional Diving Instructors Corporation, National Speleological Society#Cave Diving Group, South African Underwater Sports Federation, 14th CMAS Underwater Photography World Championship, Physiological response to water immersion, Russian deep submergence rescue vehicle AS-28, Submarine Rescue Diving Recompression System, Artificial Reef Society of British Columbia, Diving Equipment and Marketing Association, Society for Underwater Historical Research, Underwater Archaeology Branch, Naval History & Heritage Command, International Submarine Escape and Rescue Liaison Office, Submarine Escape and Rescue system (Royal Swedish Navy), Submarine Escape Training Facility (Australia), Neutral buoyancy simulation as a training aid, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peggy_Whitson&oldid=996114290, Crew members of the International Space Station, Commanders of the International Space Station, Recipients of the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, Recipients of the Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration", Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from NASA, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Group Achievement Award for Shuttle-Mir Program (1996), NASA-JSC National Research Council Resident Research Associate (1986–1988), Robert A. Welch Postdoctoral Fellowship (1985–1986), Robert A. Welch Predoctoral Fellowship (1982–1985), International Air and Space Hall of Fame (2018), Hazard identification and risk assessment, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 16:38. Whitson now holds the record for the oldest female spacewalker, and is now tied with the record for total spacewalks by a woman (seven), along with Sunita Williams. Biography. Do … Hun var øverstbefalende på Ekspedition 51. With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Britannica now has a site just for parents! 60 Year Old Astronaut #1. Complete Peggy Whitson 2017 Biography. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Whitson retired from NASA in 2018. Corrections? She is … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... U.S. astronaut Peggy Whitson (right), Expedition 16 commander, greeting astronaut Pam Melroy, STS-120 commander, after the opening of the hatch between the International Space Station and the space shuttle Discovery, Oct. 25, 2007. Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemist and astronaut who holds the record for most total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut. La seva primera missió espacial va ser el 2002, amb una estada ampliada a bord de l' Estació Espacial Internacional com a membre de l' Expedició 5 . Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.) flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. [25] The Expedition 5 crew returned to Earth aboard STS-113 on December 7, 2002. Peggy Whitson was born on February 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, in southwestern Iowa. Her first space mission was in 2002 with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. [2] She is also the oldest female astronaut ever in space, at age 57. In 1992, she was named the project scientist of the Shuttle-Mir Program (STS-60, STS-63, STS-71, Mir 18, Mir 19), and served in this capacity until the conclusion of the Phase 1A Program in 1995. At age 57, she was also the oldest woman to go into space. She is also a biochemistry researcher. With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Whitson spent nearly 666 days in space during her three long-duration tours of duty to the ISS, which made her NASA’s most-experienced astronaut. The crew of Soyuz TMA-11 had a difficult and dangerous ride back to Earth; the Soyuz’s equipment module failed to separate properly from the reentry module, and so the craft followed an unusually steep descent trajectory. Omissions? Website. Although she had been working with NASA since 1989 in various biochemistry-related positions, her first space mission was in 2002 as a member of Expedition 5 onboard the International Space Station. in biology and chemistry from Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa, in 1981 and a doctorate in biochemistry from Rice University in Houston in 1985. She earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry. Peggy Whitson is a NASA astronaut. Although she had been working with NASA since 1989 in various biochemistry-related positions, her first space mission was in 2002 as a member of Expedition 5 onboard the International Space Station. In June 2002 Peggy Whitsonn was on the space shuttle Endeavour, Expedition 5 as a flight engineer and spent 184 days in space. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Chris Hadfield. She was the first woman and the first civilian to hold that position. What exactly is a quasar? On April 10, 2017, she became commander of the ISS Expedition 51 mission, which lasted until June 2. From 2009 to 2012, Whitson was chief of the Astronaut Office, which oversees all NASA astronaut activities, including crew selection and training. 105K likes. She was on her third long-duration space flight and was the commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 51, before handin… [45], On June 1, 2017, Whitson passed over the command of the International Space Station to Fyodor Yurchikhin, who was named commander of Expedition 52 until he, Whitson and Jack Fischer returned to Earth aboard Soyuz MS-04 in September 2017.[46][47]. With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. From 1991 to 1993, she served as technical monitor of the Biochemistry Research Laboratories in the Biomedical Operations and Research Branch. [13][14] The record was broken by Christina Koch, whose single space flight lasted 328 days. She returned to Earth on September 3, 2017, on Soyuz MS-04 with Russian cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin and American astronaut Jack Fischer. Biography – Peggy A. Whitson, Ph.D. Dr. Peggy Whitson is a former NASA astronaut and is currently a space and science consultant and adjunct assistant professor at Rice University. [29] She spent 191 days, 19 hrs and 8 mins in space on this mission.[30]. From 1993 through 1996, Whitson held the additional responsibilities of the deputy division chief of the Medical Sciences Division at NASA-JSC. Peggy Whitson was born on February 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, IA. After a short delay due to leaking equipment, they replaced an avionics box on the starboard truss called an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier (ELC), a storage platform. Most Popular #79095. Astronaut Born in Iowa #2. Whitson was the first female, and first non-pilot to serve as Chief Astronaut. Born 9 February 1960, in Mount Ayr, Iowa, United States, Peggy Annette Whitson was the first female commander of the International Space Station, she also holds the U.S. record for the greatest number of days in space. Astronaut. Astronauts. La passejada espacial va tenir lloc el 16 d'agost de 2002. [3][20] Her parents were farmers and her decision to become an astronaut came after she watched the first moon landing on television as a child in 1969. She then went on to earn her doctorate degree in biochemistry from Rice University in 1986,[22] and following completion of her graduate work, continued at Rice as a Robert A Welch Post-doctoral Fellow until October 1986. American biochemistry researcher and NASA astronaut, NASA Sustained Superior Performance Award, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Astronauts and Cosmonauts with EVA Experience (sorted by "EVA Time")", "Space Station Astronauts Prepare for Crew Swap", "Astronauts Ponder State of Space Exploration", "Female Space Commanders Available for Interviews", "Female commanders set for landmark mission", "Peggy Whitson Breaks Spacewalking Record", "Whitson Becomes World's Oldest Female Spacewalker, as EVA-38 Replaces Aging Space Station Batteries", https://plus.google.com/+travelandleisure/posts, "Peggy Whitson, Oldest Woman Astronaut, Sets New Spacewalk Record | Travel + Leisure", "Astronaut Peggy Whitson Sets NASA Record For Most Days In Space", "Soyuz MS-04 lands as Peggy Whitson ends record-breaking mission", "Christina Koch Completes 328-Day Mission in Space – Space Station", "Astronaut Peggy Whitson returns to Earth after record-breaking spaceflight", "Record-Setting NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson Retires", "Peggy Whitson: The World's 100 Most Influential People", "NASA Boss Names Whitson ISS 'Science Officer, "Soyuz TMA-11 launches carrying Expedition 16", "Russian rocket launches first Malaysian into space", "Whitson describes rough Soyuz entry and landing", "Soyuz crew endures severe G-forces on re-entry", "Astronauts make 100th station spacewalk", "Spacewalkers Find No Solar Wing Smoking Gun", "Welcome Aboard! Her fiancee is Clarence F. Sams (m. 1989). She graduated from Iowa Wesleyan University, Rice University. [3], Following her fellowship at Rice, she began working at Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, as a National Research Council Resident Research Associate. Dr. Peggy Whitson is a NASA astronaut and biochemist. This total was more time in space than any other woman worldwide and any other American. The first female commander of the ISS, Whitson supervised and directed a significant expansion of the living and working space on the ISS, including the installation of components made by European, Japanese, and Canadian space agencies. Following completion of … After nearly 185 days in space, she returned to Earth aboard STS-113, landing on December 7. Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bio. [15], Whitson returned to earth on September 3, 2017 having accrued a total of 665 days in space over the course of her career; the equivalent of a hypothetical round trip to Mars, making her NASA's most experienced astronaut to date. [35][36] With the launch of Expedition 50/51 with her on it, Whitson, at age 56, became the oldest woman to fly into space. From 1989 to 1993, Whitson worked as a research biochemist in the Biomedical Operations and Research Branch at NASA-JSC. Launch into other worlds while testing your knowledge about space, celestial bodies, and the solar system. Peggy Whitson arrived at the International Space Station on November 19, 2016,[33] on Expedition 50/51, which was launched on November 17, 2016, from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Whitson was named the first NASA science officer during her stay, and she conducted 21 investigations in human life sciences and microgravity sciences, as well as commercial payloads. [3], From 1992 to 1995, she served as project scientist for the Shuttle-Mir Program and, until her selection as an astronaut candidate in 1996, as deputy division chief for the Medical Sciences division at the Johnson Space Center.[3]. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut,[3] and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Peggy Whitson is an American astronaut who was born on February 9, 1960. Proud to share my NASA community with you. [18], Whitson was included in Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People of 2018. She flew into space for the first time on June 5, 2002, as a flight engineer on Expedition 5 to the ISS, aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-111. Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. [41][42] When interviewed on that day she declared 'It is actually a huge honor to break a record like this, but it is an honor for me back to be representing all the folks at NASA'. [44], On May 23, 2017, Whitson performed her tenth career EVA with Fischer. Whitson received a B.S. How many miles are in a light-year? Her second space flight was on Soyu… Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut.Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5.Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. Her second mission, Expedition 16, launched October 10, 2007, on Soyuz TMA-11. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. She is married to Clarence Sams. Whitson traveled into space for a second time on October 10, 2007—aboard Soyuz TMA-11 with Yury Malenchenko of Russia and Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor of Malaysia—as the commander of the Expedition 16 mission. [11], In 2017, Whitson became the first female astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. [23] From November 2003 to March 2005, she served as deputy chief of the Astronaut Office. In June 2003, Whitson served as the commander of the NEEMO 5 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for fourteen days. She also participated in joint efforts between American and Soviet (later Russian) scientists. She is also the first woman astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. 60 Year Olds. Peggy Whitson is best known as a Astronaut. In January 2017, Whitson performed her seventh EVA. The flight of Space Shuttle mission STS-120, commanded by astronaut Pam Melroy, was the first time that two female mission commanders have been in orbit at the same time. Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemistry researcher NASA astronaut and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Aquarius Astronaut #5. Peggy Whitson is an American Astronaut and Biochemist. [1] In June 2020, Whitson was a guest (along with two imposters) on an ABC-TV "To Tell the Truth" episode in which Patti LaBelle correctly selected her as the record-holding time in space astronaut. One Strange Rock. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. On December 18, 2007, during the fourth spacewalk of Expedition 16 to inspect the S4 starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ), the ground team in Mission Control informed Whitson that she had become the female astronaut with the most cumulative EVA time in NASA history, as well as the most EVAs, with her fifth EVA. What makes a planet a dwarf planet? From April 1988 until September 1989, Whitson served as the Supervisor for the Biochemistry Research Group at KRUG International, a medical sciences contractor at NASA-JSC. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Peggy-Whitson, Peggy Whitson - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Peggy Whitson - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This made an empty seat, so Whitson’s mission was extended by three months to take that seat. [39] In early April 2017, her mission was extended by an additional 3 months at the International Space Station. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Continue to next page below to see how much is Peggy Whitson really worth, including net worth, estimated earnings, and salary for 2019 and 2020. [48] The duration of her stay in space during expeditions 50/51/52 was 289 days, 5 hours and 1 minute. About. She flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. They had two daughters: the oldest, Kathy; the youngest, Peggy. Peggy Whitson was born on the 9th of February 1960 in Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S. She is the daughter of Keith Whitson and Beth Whitson. She is an actress, known for Pete Yorn: I Wanna Be the One (2020), Thomas Pesquet: L'odyssée de l'Espace (2017) and Thomas Pesquet, l'envoyé spatial (2017). Flight engineer Peggy Whitson installing new adapter plates and hooking up electrical connections on the International Space Station, 2017. After spending nearly 192 days in space, Whitson returned to Earth aboard Soyuz TMA-11 on April 19, 2008. Whitson returned to earth on September 3, 2017, after she accrued a total of 665 days in space over the course of her career. Over her career, she accrued a cumulative time of over 665 days in space, the most of any U.S. astronaut, most of any woman worldwide, and eighth most all-time. [6][7][8] After completion of her eighth EVA in March 2017, Whitson now holds the records for the oldest woman spacewalker, and the record for total spacewalks by a woman, which was broken by her again after a ninth and tenth EVA in May 2017,[9] surpassing Sunita Williams, who has completed 7. Upon completing the two years of training and evaluation, she was assigned technical duties in the Astronaut Office Operations Planning Branch, and served as the lead for the Crew Test Support Team in Russia from 1998 to 1999. 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On Expedition 16, Actress: Pete Yorn: i Wan na be the One Whitson was as... The six-month mission she also participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten get. ( MDM ) unit that had failed on May 23, 2017, Whitson became the woman... Hooked up electrical connections on the space shuttle Endeavour, Expedition 5 crew returned to Earth on September 3 2017... 19, 2008 this mission. [ 30 ] en alder af 56 den! One cosmonaut carry out maintenance and assembly tasks from November 2003 to March 2005, served. From a young age, she served as deputy Chief of NASA ’ s calling quite on! Record, placing eighth on the International space Station. [ 30 ] plates and up. 16 ] she is also the oldest female astronaut ever in space up this... [ 23 ] from November 2003 until March 2005, she worked in various technical positions the... 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten Expedition 51 Wesleyan... Of total time spent in space on this mission. 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