The following quote from Quasten concerns his views on Arianism, the doctrine that God created the logos who became Jesus Christ. Eusebius attended the Council of Nicaea in 325 and despite his pro-Arian stance, he subscribed the Nicene formula, though he would not recognize Arius’ excommunication. He is recognized as a saint in the Egyptian Coptic Church and the Ethiopian Church. [45], The work as a whole has been lost in the original Greek, but it may be reconstructed from later chronographists of the Byzantine school who made excerpts from the work, especially George Syncellus. Eusebius expressly distinguishes the Son as distinct from Father as a ray is also distinct from its source the sun. Hence, much has been preserved, quoted by Eusebius, which otherwise would have been lost. [35], Eusebius' Preparation for the Gospel bears witness to the literary tastes of Origen: Eusebius quotes no comedy, tragedy, or lyric poetry, but makes reference to all the works of Plato and to an extensive range of later philosophic works, largely from Middle Platonists from Philo to the late 2nd century. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The literary productions of Eusebius reflect on the whole th… Print. From the Catholic Encyclopedia. He presided over a synod in Antioch in 341—where a creed omitting the homoousion clause was adopted—and he probably died soon afterward. 1999. [25] Pamphilus was compared to Demetrius of Phalerum and Pisistratus, for he had gathered Bibles "from all parts of the world". Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [51], The Latin text De mortibus persecutorum contains an early account of the 28 October 312 Battle of the Milvian Bridge written by Lactantius probably in 313, the year following the battle. Little is known about the life of Eusebius. For God has not made nature or the substance of the soul bad; for he who is good can make nothing but what is good. [59] The original work was also translated into Syriac, and lengthy quotations exist in a catena in that language, and also in Coptic and Arabic catenas.[60]. Eusebius of Caesarea for being an Arian sympathizer and formulates a doctrinal creed in favor of Alexander's theology. To the class of apologetic and dogmatic works belong: A number of writings, belonging in this category, have been entirely lost. But this statement is highly problematic. Eusebius was, successively, bishop of Berytus and, about 318, bishop of Nicomedia. Athanasius was condemned and exiled at the end of 335. Studies in Eusebian and Post-Eusebian chronography 1. An episcopal council in Caesarea pronounced Arius blameless. To all this activity must be added numerous writings of a miscellaneous nature, addresses, letters, and the like, and exegetical works that extended over the whole of his life and that include both commentaries and an important treatise on the location of biblical place names and the distances between these cities. When his own honesty was challenged by his contemporaries. The theology of Eusebius is problematic. "[8] Some scholars question the accuracy of Eusebius' works. "[9] Eusebius' Life of Constantine, which he wrote as a eulogy shortly after the emperor's death in AD 337, is "often maligned for perceived factual errors, deemed by some so hopelessly flawed that it cannot be the work of Eusebius at all. Christianity at last found recognition by the State; and this brought new problems – apologies of a different sort had to be prepared. Afterward, the persecutions under Diocletian and Galerius directed his attention to the martyrs of his own time and the past, and this led him to the history of the whole Church and finally to the history of the world, which, to him, was only a preparation for ecclesiastical history. [citation needed], However, Athanasius of Alexandria became a more powerful opponent and in 334 he was summoned before a synod in Caesarea (which he refused to attend). [28] Marginal comments in extant manuscripts note that Pamphilus and his friends and pupils, including Eusebius, corrected and revised much of the biblical text in their library. He was a Bishop included in the Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia. Saint Eusebius of Vercelli's Story. Bishop, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341. Britannica now has a site just for parents! [51] In a dream that night "the Christ of God appeared to him with the sign which had appeared in the sky, and urged him to make himself a copy of the sign which had appeared in the sky, and to use this as a protection against the attacks of the enemy. They also say that it was after the second banishment of Athanasius, which began in mid 339. Now there were among the Hebrews three outstanding offices of dignity, which made the nation famous, firstly the kingship, secondly that of prophet, and lastly the high priesthood. Eusebius was baptized and ordained at Caesarea, where he was taught by the learned presbyter Pamphilus, to whom he was bound by ties of respect and affection and from whom he derived the name “Eusebius Pamphili” (the son or servant of Pamphilus). [7][14] Nothing is known about his parents. However, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis for the Nicene Creed. The Council of Nicæa did not bring the Arian controversy to an end. Burgess, R. W., and Witold Witakowski. Google+. As "Father of Church History" (not to be confused with the title of Church Father), he produced the Ecclesiastical History, On the Life of Pamphilus, the Chronicle and On the Martyrs. 2 [Eusebius of Nicomedia + English -an, adjective suffix]: of or belonging to Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia, who was a friend and protector of Arius [note 2] The name may also indicate that Eusebius was made Pamphilus' heir. Pinterest. Eusebius also wrote treatises on the Biblical past; these three treatises have been lost. They were: The addresses and sermons of Eusebius are mostly lost, but some have been preserved, e.g., a sermon on the consecration of the church in Tyre and an address on the thirtieth anniversary of the reign of Constantine (336). The loss of the Greek originals has given the Armenian translation a special importance; thus, the first part of Eusebius' Chronicle, of which only a few fragments exist in the Greek, has been preserved entirely in Armenian, though with lacunae. And that the proofs that the times had come, would lie in the ceasing of the Mosaic worship, the desolation of Jerusalem and its Temple, and the subjection of the whole Jewish race to its enemies. [citation needed] After the Emperor's death (c. 337), Eusebius wrote the Life of Constantine, an important historical work because of eyewitness accounts and the use of primary sources. [41], The theological views of Arius, that taught the subordination of the Son to the Father, continued to be controversial. Arianism is a significant figure in Christianity being investigated by bishop Alexander point of view, Eusebius stands upon! Time, his Church History, Eusebius had made a bequest of his private library to the 325. 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